Having good skin isn’t just something that happens overnight. It is not due to good genes, high priced items, or trying a brand new trend on the market. Instead, a great complexion emerges following a fantastic skin care routine and through developing key habits.

But with an abundance of information is available to those who seek it, knowing where to start might seem a bit intimidating. That’s why it’s always recommended to visit a cosmetic spa or medical center like Novu Skin to consult a beauty expert. Not only would they offer hyper-specific information based on an analysis of your skin’s current state, but they may be able to offer you products that are formulated to treat your areas of concern. Especially if you live in an extreme climate like that of Las Vegas, there are issues of moisture and hydration that you must always keep in mind. With that said, the following is a guide to help you understand the products on the market and determine the best skincare plan for you.

Three main components

You can invest in thousands of skincare items, but no matter what they are, the product will always fall into one of the three main components of a skincare regime; cleansing, toning, and hydrating. So whether your routine has three steps or 13, as long as you have something from each of these categories, your skin will be fortified with what you need.

Exfoliating

These are gritty products that slough away dead skin cells off the surface of your face. They typically consist of natural options like sugar grains or some chemical-based options that utilize mild face-acids to peel away the top layer of dead skin. The result is the appearance of fresh, glowing, and radiant skin. Exfoliators should be used about once or twice a week.

Cleansing

Whether you live in a congested city like New York or in a humid desert-like climate like Las Vegas, it is important to clean your skin from the dirt and debris you come in contact with every day. Most doctors recommend that you cleanse both in the morning and night to remove pollutants and give your skin a clean base to absorb all the products you may apply next.

In general, the two types of cleansers you can choose from include oil-based cleansers and water-based options.

Oil-based cleanser

Oil attracts oil, and an oil-based cleanser is often used as a way to strip the face of all makeup and additional oils. It is recommended to start off your routine with an oil-based cleanser to take off anything that is on the top layer of your skin. Then use another cleanser method to reach into your pores.

Water-based cleanser

As a complement to an oil-based cleanser, a water-based cleanser will reach deep into your pores to make you feel squeaky clean. You can find water-based cleansers in the form of a foam, a cream, or a bar.

Toning

The purpose of a toner is to restore balance your skin and its pH level after it has been exfoliated and cleansed. Think of it as a rinse cycle in the wash  — your face will have some residue cleanser and exfoliator on it even though it may feel clean to you. A toner is a simple addition to any skincare routine. All you need to do is to pour some product on a cotton ball and swipe it over your face right before you add your moisturizers.

Moisturizing

There are a ton of moisturizing products on the market, and you may be tempted to use more than one option — especially if you live in a dry area like Las Vegas. Keep in mind that when you use moisturizing products, you should always apply from thinnest consistency to thickest.

Serum

Serums tend to be packed full of antioxidants and anti-aging ingredients and penetrate deep into your skin to provide the first level of hydration.

Face Oils

Face oils are meant to create a resilient layer of foundation for your skin  — one that is able to penetrate deeper than normal creams. These options are usually very potent, which means you only need a drop or two for your entire face.

Cream moisturizer

As the top coat of your skin, moisturizer is meant to seal all your products into your skin. Creams add a boost of hydration and ensure all your other products are absorbing properly.

With these three categories in mind, you’ll be on your way to creating a quality skincare routine in no time at all. Always be sure to keep your needs and climate in mind, to help you determine what products will be best for you.