The cells in the human body have definite roles to play and have an impact on your health. The medical professionals, doctors, and scientists often study stem cells to elucidate how some of them function to make the human body work as it does. Sometimes, doctors study cells and tissues to figure out why they malfunction, affecting human health. A few stem cells also help in treating ailments that presently have no treatment or cure.
According to an article published on https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk, there are numerous possibilities of stem cell study and research. There could be a radical shift in the way chronic ailments would be cured as well as prevented through research on stem cell. Read on to learn more about stem cells and health.
Adult stem cells
As far as adult stem cells are concerned, they exist throughout the human body right from the time when an embryo develops. These cells remain in the same condition until the body requires them for a special purpose as muscle or skin cells. In some parts of the human body like in the bone marrow and gut, stem cells divide on a regular basis to create new body tissues for repair and maintenance. The scientists have discovered these cells inside the bone marrow, brain, liver, skeletal muscles, blood and blood vessels, and skin.
Adult stem cells can create numerous kinds of a cell from the originating organ as well as redevelop the original organ completely.
Mesenchymal stem cells
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) originate from stroma or the connective tissue surrounding the other tissues and organs in the body. Scientists use MSCs to develop new tissues in the body like cartilage, fat cells, and bone. These tissues would help in addressing numerous health issues. Sometimes, scientists and lab experts use serological pipettes for cell or tissue culture. A micropipette, on the contrary, is a lab tool used in medicine and biology to transfer a measured volume of fluid.
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Expert scientists produce Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) in laboratories using tissue-specific cells as well as skin cells. These behave in the same way as embryonic stem cells and prove beneficial in developing numerous therapies. Then, more research, study, and development are mandatory in this field.
The scientists first take out samples from adult tissue or embryo to create stem cells. Then, these cells are put in a controlled culture, where they divide and reproduce without specializing anymore. These stem cells dividing and reproducing in a controlled environment are known as a stem-cell line.
The scientists and researchers deal with stem-cell lines for numerous reasons. They can rouse the stem cell to specialize in a specific manner. The process is called directed differentiation. All these years, it has been simpler to develop a huge number of embryonic stem cells compared to adult stem cells. Of late, researchers are making considerable progress with both the cell types.
Now that you know about human stem cells, you understand their impact on human health. You can read more about the subject through online medical articles and journals.