Diabetes is a diagnosis that can come at different stages of life. For example, one could be a lifelong diabetic, a diagnosis they’ll have to struggle with throughout their lives, or they could be diagnosed for other, non-genetic reasons. An easy way to understand this disease, and the difference between the two types, is that one type is a diagnosis you can’t help, while the other is based on lifestyle, diet, and overall health.
Understanding diabetes is an excellent way to keep yourself healthy once you’ve been diagnosed, or to avoid being diagnosed altogether. Understanding this disease also helps those who will live with it their entire lives to adjust. For a quick explanation of the two types of diabetes, look no further than this list.
Type 1 Diagnosis and Management
Formerly known as juvenile diabetes, diabetes type one is diagnosed very early in life. Type 1 diabetes manifests when the body completely stops producing insulin. This period mostly occurs in childhood. Of all those diagnosed with diabetes, 5-10% of them have type 1.
Without insulin, type 1 diabetics are at risk of death. Because of the necessity for glucose in the system, the body and brain cells will essentially starve. Type 1 diabetics must be conscious of their glucose levels throughout the day, so they know when they will need to inject themselves with insulin. Testing their levels is simply done by the pricking of a finger and an analysis of the blood.
Type 1 diabetics, because they have to be so diligent, usually carry a pack of essentials to make sure they can quickly test themselves and have insulin on hand in case of need. Type 1 diabetes can’t be prevented and will be a persistent factor in a type 1 diabetic’s life.
Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis and Management
Type 2 diabetes actually affects many more people than type 1 does. 90-95% of those with diabetes are diagnosed with type 2. The reason for diabetes manifesting in type 2 people has to do with cellular insulin resistance or sluggish insulin production. This is mainly diagnosed in adulthood. It’s mostly triggered by a patient being overweight or obese.
The positive aspect of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is that the diagnosis is reversible when treated with diet, lifestyle changes, supplements such as Berberine and exercise. If these things don’t help, then the patient might be prescribed medication. There are even people using diabetes type 2 treatment with stem cells to alleviate symptoms or reverse the disease.
There’s one more type of diabetes that occurs. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women resulting from hyperglycemia. This happens to 2-5% of pregnant women, and the symptoms only last for the duration of the pregnancy. It can be managed with insulin or with diet, exercise, and general maintenance of health and food intake.
However, a woman who develops gestational diabetes during pregnancy has a higher risk of contracting type 2 later in life.
Taking Care of Yourself
Whichever form of diabetes has taken shape in the body, it’s worthwhile to know the best ways to manage it.