Dental patients seek emergency care for a variety of reasons, but a wisdom tooth issue introduces several complications. When there is a complication, it is necessary for a dental professional to extract the tooth and treat the underlying condition quickly. Dental patients who aren’t sure if it’s time to have a tooth extracted can read about the 3 potential complications a wisdom tooth can cause.
Impacted Wisdom Tooth
Impacted wisdom teeth lead to serious trouble for dental patients. The condition happens when there is a physical barrier preventing the tooth from erupting through the gum line. The second molar is the culprit for impaction typically, and the pressure from the wisdom tooth causes serious damage to the second molar. Some patients have a hole in their gums where the wisdom tooth is trying to break through but cannot. This creates a gum flap around the wisdom tooth and allows bacteria to enter the flap and cause an infection. An impacted wisdom tooth becomes painful for the patient and requires the surgical removal of the wisdom tooth and the second molar. Dental patients who need fast help can contact an Emergency Dentist Near Me now.
Abscessed Wisdom Tooth
Abscessed wisdom tooth occurs when there is significant decay in and around the wisdom tooth. The infection causes an abscess to form and drain into the mouth. Patients experience severe pain and discomfort from the abscess. For some patients, the abscess causes a widespread infection that causes the cheek to swell and affects the side of the face where the tooth is located. The abscesses require immediate help from a dental professional to eliminate the infection quickly.
When treating an abscess, the dentist provides the patient with antibiotics to eliminate the infection and make it safer to remove the tooth. Signs of the infection include sensitivity to certain foods and beverages. If the abscess has caused the face to swell, the infection is more severe, and some patients need emergency assistance. If the infection enters the bloodstream, it could lead to further complications and allow the infection to spread to other parts of the body. Once the infection is gone, the dental professional schedules the wisdom tooth removal. Most dentists won’t attempt to remove the wisdom tooth when there are signs of infection, as this could create dangerous circumstances for the patient.
Damaging Surrounding Teeth
Signs of damage to surrounding teeth indicate that it is time to get rid of the wisdom tooth. Most dental patients have their wisdom teeth removed when they are adolescents. However, some patients wait if the wisdom teeth aren’t causing any dental problems. Overcrowding is a common issue when it comes to wisdom teeth, and the teeth apply pressure to the surrounding teeth, forcing them out of alignment. Overcrowded teeth are hard to brush and floss appropriately, and the patient could experience tooth rot when bacteria and plaque aren’t removed properly. Wisdom teeth extractions allow the surrounding teeth to move and settle. This eliminates overcrowding and straightens the teeth.
Dental patients get emergency care when a wisdom tooth is impacted or an abscess has formed. The presence of pain and infection indicates the patient’s wisdom tooth isn’t viable and will cause additional problems later. Scheduling an extraction is the best choice for managing wisdom tooth complications and protecting surrounding teeth.