What is a seizure?

A seizure is a temporary abnormality in muscle tone or movements( twitching, stiffness, or limpness), behaviors, sensations, or states of awareness caused by an uncontrolled electrical activity. It occurs between the brain cells (also called nerve cells or neurons). Seizures are not all the same. Are you suffering from seizures? In this article, Dr. Gurneet Shawney explains about seizures.

Dr Gurneet Shawney, an experienced neurosurgeon in India, is in charge of our seizure treatment program at Neurolife Brain & Spine Clinic. Also consulting at Baba Jeewan Singh Ji Memorial Medical Centre, Fortis Hospital Mulund & Fortis Hiranandani VashiAlso, he is well-known for his work in epilepsy research, diagnosis, and treatment. Dr. Gurneet evaluates and treats patients having epilepsy and seizure disorder. Further, He also considers various seizure-related symptoms, such as mood and memory problems. For these disorders, our program offers effective, safe, and cutting-edge surgical treatments.

Surgery: The surgery’s goal is to prevent seizures from occurring in the first place. Surgeons find and remove your brain’s part that causes seizures. Surgery is most effective for people who have seizures that occur in the exact location of their brain. Other treatments may be an option if anti-seizure medications do not work. This mode of treatment is usually adopted by most neurosurgeons in Mumbai. such as  Dr.Gurneet

Vagus Nerve Stimulation: It is a device rooted beneath your chest skin. It stimulates the vagus nerve within your neck that sends signals to your brain that stop seizures. Still, You will have to take medicines when you have Vagus Nerve Stimulation. But you may reduce the dose.

Deep Brain Stimulation: It is a procedure where doctors place electrodes in specific brain areas. These electrodes generate electrical impulses that manage unusual brain activity. They connect the electrodes to a pacemaker-like device implanted beneath your chest skin. They use it to control the quantity of stimulation created.

Responsive Neurostimulation: It is a device placed within the brain tissue or on the surface of your brain. The device can detect seizure activity. It then provides electrical stimulation to the identified part to stop the seizure.

Dietary Therapy: You can follow a ketogenic diet that is low in carbohydrates and high in fat. It can improve your control over seizures. Variations over a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet, like the modified Atkins and low glycemic index diets, though less effective, are not as preventive as the ketogenic diet. Further, it may offer benefits.

Dr. Gurneet Singh Sawhney will suggest the right treatment option for you after a thorough evaluation and assessment.

Seizures are a type of epilepsy that occurs when the brain’s electrical activity becomes abnormal. This abnormal activity can result in noticeable symptoms like loss of control and violent shaking, or no signs at all in some cases.

Seizure forms.

There are two forms of seizures: generalized onset and focal onset seizures.

Generalized onset Seizures

Seizures that start on both areas of your brain are known as generalized onset seizures. The following are the most prevalent forms:

  • Tonic-clonic seizures can stay for some minutes. Further, it causes severe side effects like uncontrollable movements and loss of consciousness.
  • Atonic seizures last only a few seconds and cause your muscles to become limp.
  • Absence seizures can cause you to blink repeatedly or stare into space for a few seconds.

Focal onset Seizure

Focal onset seizures, also known as partial-onset seizures, start in one part of your brain. An aware focal stroke and a focal impaired awareness seizure are classified based on whether you are conscious while experiencing seizures.

Seizures causes.

Various health problems that disrupt the brain can cause seizures, including:

  • Head or brain injury
  • Brain injury during or before childbirth
  • Meningitis
  • Dementia or Alzheimer’s disease
  • Lupus
  • Heart issues
  • Stroke
  •  Brain tumor
  • Epilepsy
  • Extremely high blood pressure
  • Low blood glucose levels
  • Fever

There could be a genetic component, so tell your specialist if anybody within your family has had seizures before.

Seizure diagnosis

Without a thorough examination, determining the seizure type can get challenging. Hence, Dr Gurneet Shawney will conduct a detailed review of your symptoms and medical history. He will also request that you undergo a few tests to determine the cause of your seizure.

The tests may involve blood tests to look for toxicology screening, electrolyte imbalance, and a spinal tap.

Dr Gurneet Shawney may also request that you have an electroencephalogram (EEG). The EEG test measures your brain waves figuring out what kind of seizure you’re having.

Aside from that, an MRI scan or a CT scan will be required, as such imaging scans can give a clear picture of your brain. The doctor can check a blocked blood flow or tumor in the brain.