Low vision is an ailment in which eyesight is not corrected with glasses or contacts, but is able to see. Low vision isn’t blindness, however, it could result from a limited vision in certain regions. Low vision may include blurry vision, night vision that is poor blind spots, and blurry vision. Age-related macular degeneration is a frequent cause of low vision. Vision problems can be addressed with visual aids that can be a low-cost and practical solution to living with the condition.

What is a Low Vision?

Low vision is a visual impairment that isn’t corrected with prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses. A low vision doesn’t necessarily mean that someone is going to go blind. But, they might be able to see certain objects and make use of visual aids to help improve their vision.

Blindness or low vision is a term used to describe a diminished capacity to perceive images clearly. There are a variety of types of blindness. There are many types of blindness. American Optometric Association (AOA), distinguishes between blindness and low vision.

  • “Partially-sighted”: A person who suffers from vision impairments that range between 20/70 and 20/200 while wearing normal prescription lenses.
  • “Legally blind” refers to someone who has vision less than 20/200 and has regular corrective.

The ratio measurement is a measure of the clarity of vision that is 20 feet to an object. If you have a vision ratio of 20/70, then you should have a distance of at minimum 20ft away from an object to be able to see what a person who has good eyesight sees at 70 feet.

Causes of Low Vision

Low vision may be caused by numerous factors. The majority of the time, low vision is caused by issues with the eyes, or by other health problems which affect the entire body. A macular disease that is a result of age, diabetes, and impairment of vision are among the most prevalent causes. People who suffer from vision impairment could suffer from albinism, cancer, and brain injury. People with these conditions and with a high risk have a higher chance to suffer problems with vision.

Diagnose Low Vision

Your low vision specialist will conduct a specific eye exam to detect low vision. Eye doctors are a must if you are having difficulty with anything, including cooking, traveling, or school. To assess the extent of your situation Your doctor will run tests, such as checking your eyes under various lighting conditions. The doctor will also offer charts and magnifying glasses to assess your visual ability, depth perception, visual field, and visual field.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is an illness that affects your retina. This is the area of your eye that concentrates on images. Blurred vision is a result of the macula which is one of the primary sources of central vision. Certain people might be experiencing blurred vision, and some may lose their central vision completely.

AMD (age-related macular degeneration) is usually split into two kinds Dry AMD as well as Wet AMD. If abnormal blood vessels form beneath the macula, this could lead to bleeding and fluid loss. Dry AMD On the other hand is more gradual and progressive as it’s not linked to growth abnormalities.


A cataract is a form of clouding in the eyes that alters how light is focused upon the retina. The clouding of the eyes lens may cause loss of vision as light is blocked from getting to the retina. The cause of cataracts is age, UV exposure, or trauma. Cataracts can be eliminated when the eye is healthy. The eye will appear more attractive. To enhance vision, an individual may require rehabilitation for low-vision when they suffer from other eye problems.


Glaucoma occurs when the pressure rises in the eye and causes damage to the optic nerve. It can be caused by fluid accumulation or insufficient drainage. Glaucoma in the majority of cases does not exhibit any symptoms However, the first indications are issues with night vision and peripheral vision. The condition can be treated in the early stages by surgery or medication, which can reduce the loss of vision.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinal disease is where blood vessels that supply the retina form irregular branches and then leak. This could cause vision issues and eventually cause permanent damage to your retina. Although surgery can help slow the progression of this disease they are not able to reverse it by controlling blood sugar levels.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa causes gradually diminished night vision and a substantial decrease in the inside vision. It is a genetic condition that is more prevalent in children and adults. The initial sign, night blindness during the adolescent or childhood years is typically the most apparent.