In the United States, traumatic brain injury is one of the leading causes of disability and mortality. Here’s in-depth information about brain injury.
The most typical type of brain damage is a TBI, and it affects up to 1.7 million people per year and claims the lives of 52,000 people. It is impossible to solely identify a TBI medical condition by examining the intensity of the hit or symptoms.
If anyone you know and care about got hit in the head, seek medical attention immediately. Seeking early medical help has the potential to save your life and helps you in avoiding the long-term consequences of a brain injury. As a result, it is crucial to seek TBI treatment and to consult with the right specialist without making any delays.
Let’s get in-depth and learn more about TBI’s symptoms, causes, and treatment.
A TBI is any brain injury that occurs suddenly, and it happens when the brain is damaged by a jolt, blow, or other force. A powerful or forceful blow to the head can lead to TBI.
TBIs can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the severity of the injury. Mild TBI causes only brief symptoms that disappear within a few days or weeks. TBIs can lead to permanent brain damage, coma, or death in the most severe cases.
TBI signs and symptoms
Some TBI symptoms appear immediately after the stressful incident, while others may not appear for days or weeks.
It is common to feel dizzy, queasy, or have a headache following a minor injury. Other minor signs and symptoms are as follows:
- Ringing in your ears
- Neck pain
- Blurry vision
- Slow reflexes
- Brief loss of consciousness
These minor symptoms usually go away after a few days or weeks.
In addition to these, moderate or severe TBIs may cause the following symptoms:
- Long-lasting nausea
- Dilated Pupils
- Having difficulty waking up
- Weakness in arms
- Fluid drainage from your ears or nose
This type of TBI is dangerous and can have long-term consequences. Your mood swings can leave you feeling irritable, worried, or vulnerable. Your short-term memory and ability to think and focus may get harmed. You may be having difficulty controlling your impulses.
If you’ve hit your head, seek medical attention right away. If your symptoms are very severe, you must seek the assistance of a skilled TBI specialist immediately.
What factors contribute to TBI?
Several factors can cause TBIs. Car accidents cause many TBIs. Other things could be due to:
- Injuries sustained during sports or recreation
- Wounds from a gunshot
- Military operations (blast injuries)
Several types of brain injuries can occur, including:
A violent fall or direct blow to the head causes a concussion by jarring your brain, which leads to shock or trauma. You may feel disoriented and out of place.
A bruised brain is referred to as a brain contusion, resulting in swelling and bleeding in the brain. This type of bruise appears inside your skull and is not visible from the outside.
An intracranial hematoma is a blood collection inside the skull that forms a blood clot between your brain and head. It may take ample days or even weeks for an injury to manifest.
How is a TBI diagnosed?
An expert TBI specialist will conduct a neurological examination to diagnose the condition. They will elicit information from you about the injuries and symptoms and test your physical and mental reflexes.
Your doctor will use the exam to determine the severity of your brain injury. A computed tomography (CT) scan, X-Ray, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may also be required.
Traumatic brain injury involves a medical emergency, and the injury’s nature, location, and severity determine the treatment.
If you have a minor injury, your primary therapy will be rest. Headaches and neck pain can also be relieved with over-the-counter pain relievers. At home, one must closely monitor any new or worsening symptoms.
If you have moderate or severe damage, your doctor will start by stabilizing your injury. It includes getting oxygen to your brain and body and controlling your blood pressure. These precautions aid in the avoidance of further harm. You may require hospitalization for medication or surgery.
A surgeon treats a fractured skull, stops brain bleeding, removes blood clots, and lowers intracranial pressure. Immediate surgery may be required, blood clots can form slowly, and surgery may be required days or weeks after the incident.
Many people suffering from moderate to severe TBI will need to get rehabilitated. The severity of the brain injury and the brain area affected will determine the type of rehabilitation.
- If your accident has caused damage to the area of your brain that controls your voice, you may need speech therapy.
- If the part of the brain that controls movement becomes impaired, physical therapy may be required.
- Your rehabilitation could occur in a skilled nursing facility, a hospital, an outpatient clinic, or in the comfort of your home.
- Any therapy or rehabilitation program improves your ability to perform daily tasks.
What exactly is biofeedback therapy?
Many people struggle to grasp the concept of biofeedback therapy.
When you raise your hand to greet a friend or elevate your knee to take another step on the Stairmaster, you have complete control over your actions.
Other physiological functions, such as heart rate, skin temperature, and blood pressure, are controlled involuntarily by your nervous system.
You don’t think about your heart rate increases; it just happens because of your surroundings, such as when you’re scared, aroused, or exercising. You can gain more control over these generally involuntary functions with one strategy. Biofeedback is a type of therapy that can help with migraines, chronic pain, incontinence, and high blood pressure, among other things.
The idea behind biofeedback therapy is that you can gain more control over your health by using your mind’s power and being aware of what’s happening inside your body. As a result, biofeedback therapy can also help with TBI treatment.
Some frequently asked questions about TBI
TBI, also known as “acquired brain injury” or “head injury,” occurs when sudden trauma damages the brain.
A TBI can significantly impact your life, and depending on the circumstances of the accident, you may choose to seek compensation. If you are in an accident, you must learn the fundamentals of TBIs.
● What exactly is a TBI?
A traumatic brain injury, or TBI, occurs when a significant impact on your head affects your brain’s natural activities. Other illnesses, such as infections or strokes, can cause “acquired brain injuries,” or ABIs, and they can have the same life-changing consequences as a TBI.
TBIs are mild, moderate, or severe. Because most TBIs are minor, many people who have had one find that their TBI symptoms worsen over time. In rarer but more severe cases, the effects of TBI can last a lifetime.
● How many people suffer from TBI?
It isn’t easy to believe, but approximately 1.7 million Americans yearly suffer from a TBI. However, the number of people seen in an emergency room decreases, about 275,000 people get hospitalized annually. Furthermore, more than 52,000 people die each year due to a TBI, and 125,000 people are permanently disabled due to the injury.
Although it is unknown how many people with TBI do not seek medical attention in an emergency room, the CDC estimates that at least 3.2 million people in the United States get permanently disabled due to TBI.
● What factors contribute to TBI?
The following are the most common causes of TBI:
- Falls (35.2%),
- Accidents involving motor vehicles/traffic (17.3%),
- Being struck by/against (16.5%),
- Assaults (11%),
- Other/unknown reasons (21% )
Blasts significantly cause TBI for active-duty military members in combat zones.
● How does a brain injury affect the body and the brain?
If you suffer a TBI, everything to do with your brain could be jeopardized. It implies that essential bodily functions such as eating and sleeping may be affected. It also means that more complex aspects of your life, such as your emotions, thoughts, and communication ability, may be impacted.
TBI medical conditions can also impair the electrical system of the brain, leading to seizures in severe cases. The common name for such a condition is epilepsy. TBI is also associated with an increased risk of developing other diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
● Why is predicting the outcome of TBI so difficult?
Despite advances in neuroscience, we still know very little about the brain’s ability to repair itself after an injury. Rather than forecasting outcomes, rehabilitation professionals frequently design treatment plans to assist patients in achieving specific goals.
The severity of the damage, the amount of time spent in a minimally conscious state (if any), and the resources available must all be considered in these plans. Neuropsychological examinations look for specific areas of damage and can help you determine the severity of your injury. Rehabilitation professionals can then apply what they’ve learned to help people with TBI achieve their goals through treatment.
● What is the TBI treatment procedure?
Most patients should seek treatment at a trauma center as soon as they are injured. If the examining doctor believes the injury is minor, the patient is usually assessed and tested before discharge with proper follow-up instructions. Patients must immediately report any TBI symptoms that worsen.
Individuals suffering from moderate to severe TBI may need surgery, intensive care, acute care, or a combination of the three. Specialists should be present at all stages of treatment to advise on the next steps. Following medical stabilization, the following treatments may be beneficial:
- Acute rehabilitation programs
- Post-Acute Rehabilitation Centers
- Sub-acute care through a skilled nursing facility
- Long-term care/supervised living for patients who are slow to recover
- Programs for coma stimulation
- TBI-specific residential care facilities
- Outpatient rehabilitation
- Day treatment programs
- Neuropsychological Evaluation
- Management of neurological medications
- Epilepsy treatment facilities
- Neurobehavioral management programs
- In-home care treatment provided by medical professionals
Some therapies can be completed in weeks or months, while others can take years. The programs and treatments must evolve as you or your loved one do. Some centers may also offer respite care to family members who need to place a loved one in care.
To sum up:
TBI medical can have long-term consequences, and you may be disabled for the rest of your life. Physical, behavioral, linguistic, and mental problems are all possible due to TBI.
Finding a support group may be beneficial if your injury has left you with long-term issues. Others who have had similar injuries can help you learn about the challenges of your injury, teach you coping skills, and provide emotional support.