When a chef experiments with the ingredients and cooks something new, he will most likely provide a detailed recipe for other people. In the same way, people who specialize in nursing create care plans for nursing students to help them understand the main principles of working with their patients.
It must be well-structured, not destroying the logical consequence. Moreover, the nurse may consider all factors affecting the final result. All this may sound complicated, but it’s not scary or ultimately hard. Understanding the basic principles will help you follow the nursing process steps to provide your patients with the best possible care. So, we decided to describe major nursing steps and explain why they are so crucial for nurses.
Nursing Process and Its Main Purpose
Before discussing the nursing process steps, we may first understand the process. It’s a patient-based approach whose primary purpose is to provide top-notch health care for patients. Nurse practitioners, as well as nursing students, must consider every factor that could affect the final result. Therefore, it’s essential to have a care plan for nursing students to avoid unpleasant situations.
Nursing Process Steps – Core Elements
The whole assignment consists of five steps that correlate with each other.
- Assessment. In this step, specialists must use critical thinking and their ability to search for the needed information. This requires objective and subjective data collection and the usage of this data. When you know how to search for the core information, it’s much easier to convert it into valuable content. For example, if you collect data directly from the patient, you may know what questions should be asked.
- Diagnosis. Accurately formulating the nursing diagnosis allows you to create a care plan and successfully implement it. The specific resources will enable you to speed up this process, and web pages like the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association provide clients with up-to-date diagnoses. The correctly formulated diagnosis explains actual or potential health problems for the patient, the patient’s family, or the community. A correctly set diagnosis makes it easier to move to the next step, called planning.
- Planning. Nursing specialists must collect all the theses in front of them at this stage because it allows them to create a plan with the directions and set goals. The measures should match the person’s requirements and needs and be specific, timely or timeless, measurable or meaningful, attainable or proactive, realistic or goal-directed. And compliance with these characteristics is a crucial part of the care plan for nurses, so consider that while planning.
- Implementation. Here comes the practical part, which is more interesting than everything else. At this part, you realize everything you articulated in the previous step. It could be direct or indirect care, administration, or treatment based on standard protocols.
- Evaluation. This step is crucial if you want to achieve a positive outcome for the patient. When you implement changes or realize the care plan for nursing students, you must ensure it works according to the program. In some cases, people provide reassessment after the evaluation to change the care plan.
Why Are the Following Steps Essential For Nursing?
Experienced specialists would agree that working without a plan may be complicated. It would be best if you had the overall frame of your research, so it’s hard to highlight significant points and articulate the conclusion—all the parts of the puzzle match from the first to the last. You can achieve that by following a clear care plan for nursing students, where all the details are considered.
With a clear understanding of the information, it’s much easier to create a care plan. So, let’s quickly run through the significant characteristics to improve an overall understanding of nursing.
- The presence of critical thinking. It’s an essential point because it allows us to identify and prioritize problems and effectively deal with them.
- Orientation on the goal. A clear plan for nursing, where you have a clear direction for your project, allows you to set the initial goal and move straight to it.
- Planned implementation. A plan is a key to organized and systematic care where everything is done successively.
- Patient-centered. Every step of the care plan is aimed at helping clients. There is also a point that patients actively participate in this plan helping themselves.
Another vital nursing step is the ability to process the data. You are not just reading the case and highlighting the main points but also the ability to divide it into groups (diagnosis, recommendations, contraindications, etc.). A comprehensive analysis is key to implementing a good care plan by nursing specialists. The better you convert facts into actions, the better result you will have.
Following the nursing process steps may seem mind-boggling for the first time, mainly because of the responsibility for patients’ health. However, it doesn’t mean you need to go the most challenging way and refuse to get help. On the contrary, preparing a care plan nursing process may change the situation and allow you to do your job properly.