Canine influenza is also known as dog flu, and it is a contagious respiratory disease that spreads in an airborne and aerosolized manner in dogs, caused by Type A influenza viruses. Till date, no human infections with canine influenza have been reported. Canine influenza is done in two segments are H3N8 virus and H3N2 (seasonal influenza A) virus. Canine influenza of H3N8 viruses done in horses spread to dogs and spread among dogs. The canine influenza H3N8 virus was first reported in 2004 in the U.S. Canine influenza of H3N2 viruses observed in birds spread to dogs and spread among dogs.
The canine influenza H3N2 virus was first reported in 2007 in South Korea, and also have been reported in dogs in Canada, China, and Thailand. H3N2 canine influenza viruses were first reported in the United States in 2015, and are now found in more than 30 states of America. In 2016, for canine influenza treatment, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) used the Influenza Risk Assessment Tool to analyze the risk of canine influenza H3N2 viruses, and found it to be very low. Broad spectrum antibiotics can be prescribed by a veterinarian if a bacterial infection is suspected, and intravenous fluids can be given to maintain hydration for canine influenza treatment. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) granted a conditional license to Zoetis in November 2015 for the first commercially available for canine influenza treatment as a canine influenza H3N2 vaccine and Merck Animal Health publicize the procurable of an H3N2 canine influenza vaccine. Still, there are no vaccines which have been approved for canine influenza treatment in cats.
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