Scandinavian researchers say a new classification would mean better treatment for patients. Diabetes – or uncontrolled blood sugar levels – is normally split into type 1 and type 2.But researchers in Sweden and Finland think the more complicated picture they have uncovered will usher in an era of personalised medicine for diabetes.Experts said the study was a herald of the future of diabetes care but changes to treatment would not be immediate.Diabetes affects about one in 11 adults worldwide and increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and limb amputation.Type 1 diabetes is a disease of the immune system, which affects around 10% of people with the condition in the UK. It errantly attacks the body’s insulin factories (beta-cells) so there is not enough of the hormone to control blood sugar levels.

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